Rhythmic Native Roots, Music that Awakens
A night boat ride across Lake Atitlán, nothing but the sound of the water crashing along the sides of the boat, stars shining in the sky and wind rustling. While stepping into San Marcos, a town full of wondrous spirits and natural beauty, the walk up the main road is quiet. Turning left and right down small callejones, we finally arrive at an intricate treehouse surrounded by luscious greenery. It is known as El Bosque Encantado, or “The Enchanted Forest.”
A group of about 15 people from different places around Guatemala and the United States are there, their energy palpable as it seems to fill and illuminate the space. Never having made music together before, each person brings their flare to the table; they mix native sounds with hip-hop beats. This group of talented artists sings in English, Spanish, Kaqchikel and Tz’utujil with cohesive lyrics as the mic is passed around.
“It was an unforgettable experience. I feel very positive and grateful, full of love and respect for friends and guests that welcomed Maya hip-hop,” said Yefry Alberto Pacheco Ardón, known as M.C.H.E., a member of the hip-hop group called Balam Ajpu.
The fluidity of music and love is endless that night as artists from different backgrounds come together to speak their words of wisdom.
Artists from Next Level hosted the freestyle event, an initiative that works with U.S. embassies and consulates to create classes and workshops that reach underserved communities. They partnered with Balam Ajpu to hold a workshop aimed at stimulating youth development by fostering musical talents, cultural appreciation and entrepreneurial skills. The workshop was held over two days, focusing on four elements of hip-hop that provided youth from around the lake who are passionate about music, with a chance to create and learn.
This event is just a small representation of what the hip-hop scene on Lake Atitlán has developed into, creating a strong community of incredibly talented individuals. For groups in this region, their mission is not solely to create music but also to build community and enlightenment.
In Guatemala alone, from the rural communities to the buzzing cities, 21 recognized Maya languages are spoken across the country. However, the sounds of the mother tongue are fading in many communities .
“I believe that Maya languages are disappearing because many people do not speak them at home or in school and then the languages become lost,” said Esthela Gomez, a Kaqchikel teacher from Atitlán Multicultural Academy (AMA) in Panajachel, Lake Atitlán.
Gomez has been a Kaqchikel and English teacher at AMA for four years and emphasizes the importance of knowing where you come from and being proud of that by speaking your native language.
Within the booming scene of rap and hip-hop music, there is a growing phenomenon of groups in the Lake Atitlán region using music as a way to preserve their complex native languages and traditions.
“We need to sing in Tz’utujil to not lose our tradition, to share the native knowledge amongst kids, and to help prevent their languages from disappearing,” urged Juan Martinez, known as Dr. Nativo, from Balam Ajpu.
Balam Ajpu is a group consisting of Juan Martinez (Dr. Nativo), 37; Yefry Alberto Pacheco Ardón (M.C.H.E.), 37; and Tzutu Kan, 40. They bring together the spirit of Maya culture mixed with eclectic sounds from around the world. Also, each of the members utilizes their personal music projects to highlight their individual talents.
“The passion for music lives in me as in all the hearts that can listen to the rhythm of their heart. I found my reason and passion in hip-hop, in knowledge and movement,” M.C.H.E. exclaimed.
The artists show a great appreciation for their culture by staying connected to their roots as they rap in native languages and create songs representative of energies from the Maya Calendar.
“Every day we have a new animal spirit known as a Nahual, and that is the guide of the day, an insight into our spirituality,” Dr. Nativo said.
The name of their group, Balam Ajpu, means Jaguar Warrior in Tz’utujil. Jaguar represents the feminine and warrior represents the masculine, in order to balance the two forces of energy.
Before they entered this stage of their career as musicians, they went through a process of Maya ceremonies.
“We did not simply begin making music with these sacred words. Through ceremonies, we asked our spiritual guides for permission to make songs representative of this ancient Maya knowledge. We did it the right way,” said Dr. Nativo.
Not only is Balam Ajpu making music, but they are also spreading knowledge of Maya culture. They are preserving the beauty of ancient history and sharing their discoveries by teaching youth about their heritage.
For groups like Balam Ajpu, rap is not solely a form of expression but also a calling to form a unified community.
“I want to carry a coherent message, a message of love that speaks to people,” shares Jasy Mendoza, a member of Pajch’uj Tzij, also known as “Poesía Loca.”
Poesía Loca is a hip-hop duo comprised of Jasy Mendoza, 23, and Juvi Hernández, 25, from San Juan La Laguna in Lake Atitlán. The music they began to create in 2014 was unheard of in their community. From a mixture of reggaeton to electronic beats, soft tones to poetic rap lyrics, Poesía Loca sheds light on their culture and customs through rapping in Tz’utujil to bring people together and engage them in their musical rhythms.
One of Poesía Locas’ most popular songs, and the one that elevated the group to a national level, is “Kixajo.”
“This song invites you to come closer, to enjoy, to dance, to sing, and not to feel ashamed or afraid to express yourself. It is an invitation to enjoy life, to be encouraged to express oneself, represented through the Tz’utujil language,” said Fernando Scheel, Poesía Loca’s producer.
In the production of their music video for “Kixajo,” Poesía Loca brought together 75 people from San Juan La Laguna to be a part of their creation.
“We want to make people see that we are not just doing something that’s going to affect young people, that’s going to affect the culture, we’re doing something that is going to enrich the culture,” said Mendoza.
Their producer, Scheel, has been a composer for many years. However, when he met Poesía Loca, he realized there was very little music produced in Maya languages. He saw the passion and potential of Poesía Loca’s talent early on and continued to support and promote their music to transform and influence society.
Mendoza and Hernández both work other jobs to support their musical ambitions but are striving to make music full-time in the future.
“Music was always something I used as a way to express myself and to liberate everything that was inside me,” said Mendoza.
In a dimly lit cabana outside of Hotel La Paz in San Marcos La Laguna, Lake Atitlán, 30 young, aspiring rappers and freestylers gather to have a rap battle. Creativity flows, words are rapidly spoken, and friends cheer each other on as judges give critiques to each freestyler standing in the spotlight. The group Juun Ajpu Koj (“Lion Warrior”) hosted this freestyle rap event dedicated to raising funds for low-income families in the area.
Juun Ajpu Koj is a group composed of four young, passionate members: 23-year-old Pablo Ellas Ulario Chiyal; Jose Miguel Sancoy Mendoza, 20; Nicolás Emmanuel Ulario Chiyal, 21; and Daniel Alexander Ulario Chiyal, 13. Their objective is to be spokespeople for their community of San Marcos La Laguna. They have a sincere desire to create a unique form of art by writing rap songs in their native language Kaqchikel.
“I was inspired by an instrumental base that connected my thoughts with my heart, reciting content and lyrics to make a change,” expressed Nicolás Emmanuel Ulario, member of Juun Ajpu Koj.
Although this group just formed last year, they have received a considerable amount of support and positive feedback from their community of San Marcos La Laguna. They desire to be authors of their music and to focus their songs on representing their ancestral heritage, as well as an appreciation and love for their culture and identities.
As Juun Ajpu Koj continues to push forward their music and develop their creativity they are “leaving legacies about real testimonials that will teach people around the world and set an example for the new generation,” Ulario affirmed.
Maya hip-hop is creating a movement throughout Lake Atitlán by empowering individuals and inspiring them to be proud of their heritage. The music brings magic to the area and is building a loving community which aims to preserve native languages, to generate change, and to celebrate their intricate culture.